Thursday, July 31, 2014

[Primate • 2014] Asian Primates: An Updated Taxonomy and Conservation Status Review



 ABSTRACT
The present paper summarises and updates information on the taxonomy and status of Asian non-human primates from a new multi-author synthesis. For each species we include taxonomic authority, species type locality, subspecies, current distribution and conservation status. Including taxa described since the synthesis was published, the Asian non-human primate fauna comprises 119 species and 183 taxa, in 22 Asian countries. We give a breakdown of species by country, by conservation status category, and the number of species per status category in each family and genus. Of the 113 Asian primate species that have been assessed, 17 (15%) are Critically Endangered, 45 (40%) are Endangered and 25 (22%) are Vulnerable. The most endangered genera are RhinopithecusPygathrixNasalisSimiasHylobatesNomascusSymphalangus and Pongo.



  


  


      

  


Christian Roos, Ramesh Boonratana, Jatna Supriatna, John R Fellowes, Colin P. Groves, Stephen D. Nash, Anthony B. Rylands and Russell A. Mittermeier. 2014. An Updated Taxonomy and Conservation Status Review of Asian Primates. Asian Primates Journal. 4(1): 2-38.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

[Botany • 2013] Thismia hexagona • A New Species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) the first recod of the Genus and Family from Brunei Darussalam, Borneo


 Thismia hexagona
 Dančák,  Hroneš, Kobrlová & Sochor

ABSTRACT
A new species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Borneo is described. Thismia hexagona was discovered in 2013 in lowland mixed dipterocarp forest in Ulu Temburong, Brunei Darussalam. The species is circumscribed, illustrated and its position within the Malesian species of the genus is characterised by insertion into the existing determination key. Its most conspicuous feature is bright yellow, sharply hexagonal flower annulus.


 Martin Dančák, Michal Hroneš, Michal Sochor, Lucie Kobrlová, Radim Hédl, Záboj Hrázský, Anna Vildomcová, Rahayu Sukmaria Sukri and Faizah Metali. 2013. A New Species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Brunei Darussalam, Borneo. Phytotaxa. 125:33-39. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.125.1.5

[Botany • 2013] Thismia gongshanensis • A New Species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Yunnan, China


Thismia gongshanensis Hong-Qing Li & Yu-Ke Bi

Abstract
Thismia Griffith (1844: 221) usually grows among leaf litter in shady wet forests and comprises 47 small mycoheterotrophic species (Chiang & Hsieh 2011, Mancinelli et al. 2012). Individual plants live underground through most of the year, only emerging briefly to flower and fruit after periods of heavy rain (Ho et al. 2009). Although several species have been described in temperate regions, Thismia occurs mainly in tropical portions of America and Asia.

Keywords: Thismiaceae, new species, china

FIGURE 1. Morphology of Thismia gongshanensis.
 A. Habit. B. Magnified flower. C. Dissected flower, showing stamens, style and stigmas. D. Flower from holotype.


Distribution:—Known only from the type locality at Maku Village, Dulongjiang Town, Gongshan 
County, Yunnan Province, China. 
Ecology:—This species grows among leaf litter in shady wet bamboo forest. The dominant species is Chimonobambusa Makino (Poaceae). Other accompanying species include: members of genera Aeschynanthus Jack (Gesneriaceae), Agapetes D.Don ex G.Don (Ericaceae), Amomum Roxb (Zingiberaceae), Balanophora J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (Balanophoraceae), Beccarinda Kuntze (Gesneriaceae), Curculigo Gaertn. (Hypoxidaceae), Monotropa L. (Ericaceae) and Myrmechis (Lindl.) Blume (Orchidaceae). The mitriform perianth suggests myophily (Stone 1980), and a small dipteran species was found visiting T. gongshanensis at the time of collection.

Etymology:— The name of the species was chosen for the place where it was collected. Maku village is in the Dulong River watershed of Gongshan County, northwestern Yunnan, China, neighboring Burma in the west. Its Chinese name should be spelled “gongshan shui yu bei


HONG-QING LI and YU-KE BI. 2013. A New Species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Yunnan, China. Phytotaxa. 105 (1): 25–28. 
A new species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from Yunnan, China … pic.twitter.com/EcN8VMOKoe

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

[Botany • 2012] Thismia betung-kerihunensis • A New Species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from West Kalimantan, Borneo


Thismia betung-kerihunensis Tsukaya & H. Okada

ABSTRACT
A new species of Thismiaceae, Thismia betung-kerihunensis Tsukaya et H. Okada, found during a botanical survey of Betung-Kerihun National Park, West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia, is described and illustrated. This species closely resembles Thismia clavigera (Becc.) F. Muell, which is distributed in Borneo, Sumatra, Langkawi, and Thailand; however, it differs in flower shape, size, and color, having conspicuous hood-like appendages at the tip of the brilliant blue-green colored mitre formed by the three inner tepals. Moreover, it differs in the shape of the anther connectives that lack acutely elongated apices and has rectangular glands. The smaller stature of the species also distinguishes it from T. clavigera.

Keywords: Borneo; Burmanniaceae; Kalimantan; Thismia betung-kerihunensis; Thismiaceae; key to Malaysian species of Thismia; mycoheterotrophic plant; new species


 Hirokazu Tsukaya and Hiroshi Okada. 2012. A New Species of Thismia (Thismiaceae) from West Kalimantan, Borneo. Systematic Botany. 37(1): 53-57.

[Mammalogy • 2014] An enigmatic Pygmy Dormouse: Molecular and Morphological Evidence for the Species Taxonomic Status of Typhlomys chapensis (Rodentia: Platacanthomyidae)


  Typhlomys chapensis (Osgood 1932)
Vietnamese Pygmy Dormouse [or Soft-furred Tree Mouse] 

Figure 4. Typhlomys cinereus. Adult female from Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province, northern Vietnam.
Photographed by A. V. Abramov | doi: 10.3897/zookeys.164.1785

ABSTRACT 
Background: The taxonomic position of enigmatic pygmy dormouse Typhlomys (Rodentia: Platacanthomyidae) from Vietnam is reconsidered based on both morphology and sequence data. 

Results: The analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear genes has shown that the pygmy dormouse from Lao Cai Province of northern Vietnam belongs to a distinct phylogenetic lineage of Typhlomys. The DNA analysis has demonstrated a strong genetic difference (0.245 to 0.252 for the cytochrome oxidase gene (COI), 0.079 to 0.082 for interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein gene (IRBP), and 0.028 for the growth hormone receptor gene (GHR) between this lineage and the sample from South China. Multivariate analysis of cranial and dental data, as well as of some external characters, has also separated the Vietnamese population from the pygmy dormouse from Fujian in southern China, the type locality of Typhlomys cinereus (Bull Soc Philomath Paris 12:8–10, 1877). 

Conclusions: Both genetic and morphological data confirm that there is a second species, Typhlomys chapensis (Field Mus Nat Hist Zool Ser 18:193–339, 1932), in the heretofore monotypic genus Typhlomys.


 Alexei V Abramov, Alexander E Balakirev and Viatcheslav V Rozhnov. 2014. An enigmatic Pygmy Dormouse: Molecular and Morphological Evidence for the Species Taxonomic Status of Typhlomys chapensis (Rodentia: Platacanthomyidae). Zoological Studies. 53:34. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40555-014-0034-2

Alexei V. Abramov, Vladimir M. Aniskin and Viatcheslav V. Rozhnov. 2012. Karyotypes of two rare rodents, Hapalomys delacouri and Typhlomys cinereus (Mammalia, Rodentia), from Vietnam. ZooKeys. 164: 41–49, doi: dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.164.1785

Monday, July 28, 2014

[Herpetology • 2014] Three New Species of Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from southern Sumatra, Indonesia; Pseudocalotes cybelidermus, P. guttalineatus & P. rhammanotus


Pseudocalotes cybelidermus
Harvey, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Shaney & Smith, 2014

Abstract
We describe three new species of Pseudocalotes from the Bukit Barisan Range of southern Sumatra, Indonesia. Pseudocalotes cybelidermus, P. guttalineatus, and P. rhammanotus differ from most congeners in having serrate dorsal crests that extend to the base of the tail and a dorsolateral series of enlarged heavily keeled scales. In these new species, subdigital lamellae of Toe III have prominent preaxial keels and lack or have greatly reduced postaxial keels. In contrast, P. rhammanotus resembles P. tympanistriga by having bicarinate subdigital lamellae at the base of Toe III. Like most congeners, these new species appear to be restricted to humid forests above 1000 m. We report several new morphological characters for Pseudocalotes and discuss their diagnostic value. Future systematic studies of this genus should assess presence/absence of interparietals, four different kinds of modified scales on the neck, a dorsolateral series of heavily keeled scales, and unicarinate lamellae under the distal phalanges of most fingers and toes. Our comparisons among congeners demonstrate the diagnostic value of width of the gap between the nuchal and dorsal crests and frequency data for contact between the nasal and supralabials and between the postmentals and infralabials. Finally, we discuss variation in morphology of subdigital lamellae at the base of Toe III and describe new conditions intermediate between the serrate fringe of most Indochinese species and the bicarinate lamellae of the P. tympanistriga.

Keywords: Color change, Draconinae, Pseudocalotes cybelidermus new species, Pseudocalotes guttalineatus new species, Pseudocalotes rhammanotus new species, Sauria


Harvey, Michael B., Amir Hamidy, Nia Kurniawan, Kyle Shaney & Eric N. Smith. 2014. Three New Species of Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from southern Sumatra, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3841(2): 211–238. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3841.2.3

Sunday, July 27, 2014

[Herpetology • 2014] Phylogenetic Relationships of Semaphore Geckos (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae: Pristurus) with an Assessment of the Taxonomy of Pristurus rupestris




Abstract
A molecular phylogeny of the sphaerodactylid geckos of the genus Pristurus is inferred based on an alignment of 1845 base pairs (bp) of concatenated mitochondrial (12S) and nuclear (acm4, cmos, rag1 and rag2) genes for 80 individuals, representing 18 of the 23–26 species, and the three subspecies of P. rupestris. The results indicate that P. rupestris is polyphyletic and includes two highly divergent clades: the eastern clade, found in coastal Iran and throughout the Hajar Mountain range in northern Oman and eastern UAE; and the western clade, distributed from central coastal Oman, through Yemen, Saudi Arabia and north to southern Jordan. Inferred haplotype networks for the four nuclear genes show that the eastern and western clades of “P. rupestris” are highly differentiated and do not share any alleles. Moreover, although the two clades are differentiated by a morphological multivariate analysis, no one character or set of characters was found to be diagnostic. Based on the molecular analysis of specimens from the type locality of P. rupestris rupestris, the name P. rupestris is applied to the eastern clade. The name that should apply to the western clade cannot be clarified until morphological and genetic data for “P. rupestris” is available from the vicinity of Bosaso, Somalia, and therefore we refer to it as Pristurus sp. 1. The phylogenetic tree of Pristurus supports the hypothesis that P. celerrimus is sister to all the other species in the analyses and that the Socotra Archipelago was independently colonized a minimum of two times.

Keywords: gecko, Arabia, phylogeny, taxonomy, systematics, Socotra Archipelago, mitochondrial DNA, nuclear DNA

Badiane, Arnaud, Joan Garcia-Porta, Jan Červenka, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Roberto Sindaco, Michael D. Robinson, Hernan Morales, Tomas Mazuch, Thomas Price, Fèlix Amat, Mohammed Shobrak, Thomas M. Wilms, Marc Simó-Riudalbas, Faraham Ahmadzadeh, Theodore J. Papenfuss, Alexandre Cluchier, Julien Viglione & Salvador Carranza. 2014. Phylogenetic Relationships of Semaphore Geckos (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae: Pristurus) with an Assessment of the Taxonomy of Pristurus rupestrisZootaxa. 3835(1): 33–58.

Friday, July 25, 2014

[Paleontology • 2014] Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus • A Jurassic ornithischian Dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers and scales


Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus Godefroit, Sinitsa, Dhouailly, Bolotsky, Sizov, McNamara, Benton & Spagna, 2014
wanders the lake-dotted lowlands of Jurassic Siberia
illustration: Andrey Atuchin


ABSTRACT
Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous deposits from northeastern China have yielded varied theropod dinosaurs bearing feathers. Filamentous integumentary structures have also been described in ornithischian dinosaurs, but whether these filaments can be regarded as part of the evolutionary lineage toward feathers remains controversial. Here we describe a new basal neornithischian dinosaur from the Jurassic of Siberia with small scales around the distal hindlimb, larger imbricated scales around the tail, monofilaments around the head and the thorax, and more complex featherlike structures around the humerus, the femur, and the tibia. The discovery of these branched integumentary structures outside theropods suggests that featherlike structures coexisted with scales and were potentially widespread among the entire dinosaur clade; feathers may thus have been present in the earliest dinosaurs.


Pascal Godefroit, Sofia M. Sinitsa, Danielle Dhouailly, Yuri L. Bolotsky, Alexander V. Sizov, Maria E. McNamara, Michael J. Benton and Paul Spagna. 2014. A Jurassic ornithischian Dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers and scales. Science. 345(6195): 451-455. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1253351 

Feathers More Common Among Dinosaurs Than Previously Thought

[Mammalogy • 2014] Murine Rodents (Rodentia: Murinae) of the Myanmar-Thai-Malaysian peninsula and Singapore: Taxonomy, Distribution, Ecology, Conservation Status, and Illustrated Identification Keys


Fig. 51. Seven common murine genera in peninsular Myanmar-Thai-Malaysia.  (A): Maxomys (M. surifer); (B): Niviventer (N. cremoriventer); (C): Rattus (R. tanezumi); (D): Leopoldamys (L. sabanus); (E): Berylmys (B. bowersi); (F): Bandicota (B. indica); (G): Sundamys (S. muelleri).
Not to scale. | Pimsai, et al. 2014 [Fulltext

Abstract
Based on field surveys undertaken between 2010 and 2013, museum studies in Thailand and the UK, and an extensive literature review, this paper provides information on the 28 species and 12 genera of murine rodents currently known from peninsular Myanmar, Thailand and Malaysia and Singapore. It incorporates a detailed summary of past research, 1851–2013, of the Murinae in the study area and includes descriptive characters of the external, cranial and dental morphology and measurements for each of the rodent species. It lists and maps the 93 murine taxa described from the peninsula, 84 of which are currently considered to be synonyms at species level. Each of the 389 different localities on the 28 distribution maps is numbered and linked to its source, either literature or museum specimen, and listed in the online gazetteer. The global conservation status of each species is obtained from the IUCN Red List. Remarks are made, where data are available, on the ecology, karyology, fossil history, sperm morphology, phylogeny, and taxonomic history and ambiguities. Recommendations are made for further research. A series of illustrated matrix keys is provided to assist with the identification of all the murine genera and species within the study area.

Key words: Taxonomy, distribution, identification keys, karyology, ecology, conservation status.

Fig. 1. Study area: peninsular Myanmar, Thailand and Malaysia, and Singapore. 



Uraiporn Pimsai, Malcolm J. Pearch, Chutamas Satasook, Sara Bumrungsri & Paul J.J. Bates. 2014. Murine Rodents (Rodentia: Murinae) of the Myanmar-Thai-Malaysian peninsula and Singapore: Taxonomy, Distribution, Ecology, Conservation Status, and Illustrated Identification Keys. Bonn zoological Bulletin. 63 (1): 15–114


Thursday, July 24, 2014

[Botany • 2014] A Key to the Genus Zingiber (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand with Descriptions of 10 New Taxa | พรรณพฤกษชาติ สกุลขิง ในประเทศไทย


FIGURE 11. A. Zingiber brachystachys Triboun & K. Larsen; B. Z. callianthus Triboun & K. Larsen; C. Z. chantaranothaii Triboun & K. Larsen; D.-E. Z. cornubracteatum Triboun & K. Larsen; F. Z. isanense Triboun & K. Larsen; G. Z. parishii Hook.f. subsp. phuphanense Triboun & K. Larsen, H.-I. Z. pyroglossum Triboun & K. Larsen; J. Z. sadakornii Triboun & K. Larsen; K. Z. tenuiscapus Triboun & K. Larsen; L. Z. vittacheilum Triboun & K. Larsen.

ABSTRACT
        A key to the genus Zingiber in Thailand is presented and 10 new taxa are described and illustrated: Z. brachystachys Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. callianthus Triboun & K. Larsen, Z.chantaranothaii Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. cornubracteatum Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. isanense Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. parashii Hook.f. subsp. phuphanense Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. pyroglossum Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. sadakornii Triboun & K. Larsen, Z. tenuiscapus Triboun & K. Larsen and Z. vittacheilum Triboun & K. Larsen.

KEYWORDS: new taxa, Zingiber, Zingiberaceae, Thailand


 PRAMOTE TRIBOUN, KAI LARSEN and PRANOM CHANTARANOTHAI. 2014. A Key to the Genus Zingiber (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand with Descriptions of 10 New Taxa. Thai Journal of Botany. 6(1): 53-77. 

[Entomology • 2014] Helictophanes flava & Cyphophanes khitchakutensis • Two New Species of Enarmoniini (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from eastern Thailand


FIGURE 1. Adults of Helictophanes and Cyphophanes.
A. Helictophanes flava, n. sp. (holotype male). B. H. flava, n. sp. (paratype female).
C. Cyphophanes khitchakutensis, n. sp. (holotype male). D. C. khitchakutensis, n. sp. (paratype female)
(scale bar=2 mm).

Abstract
Two new species of the tribe Enarmoniini (Tortricidae) are described from the Chanthaburi and Trat provinces of eastern Thailand: Helictophanes flava Muadsub and Pinkaew, n. sp., and Cyphophanes khitchakutensis Muadsub and Pinkaew, n. sp. Illustrations of adults and genitalia are provided.
Key words: Cyphophanes, Helictophanes, Enarmoniini, Khao Khitchakut National Park, Olethreutinae, Trat Agroforestry Research and Training Station

Muadsub, Sawitree & Nantasak Pinkaew. 2014. Two New Species of Enarmoniini (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) from eastern Thailand. Zootaxa. 3841(1): 127–134.

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

[Herpetology • 2012] Report on the Life Colouration of the enigmatic Burrowing Skink Voeltzkowia rubrocaudata (Grandidier, 1869) from southwestern Madagascar


Fig. 1. Habitat of Voeltzkowia rubrocaudata: corn plantation (in foreground) near the village of Andranomaitso, Commune rurale de Sakaraha.  
Fig. 2. Voeltzkowia rubrocaudata individual (MRSN R3726) in life from Andranomaitso village, southwestern Madagascar, found on the 11 December 2009:
A. dorso-lateral overview; B. dorsal view; C. head close up; D. individual burrowing in the substrate.
Photos by Gonçalo M. Rosa.

Abstract
 Voeltzkowia is a monophyletic genus of burrowing skinks endemic to Madagascar. The fossorial habits of these species make them hard to see and study, and witness their life history traits. During two herpetological surveys in southwestern Madagascar (in 2009 and 2011) we found several Voeltzkowia rubrocaudata individuals in a corn plantation, a habitat that differs from the forested habitat reported in the literature. Life colouration for this shy scincid is described for the first time.
Key words. Southwestern Madagascar, corn plantation, Squamata, Scincidae.

Fig. 2. Voeltzkowia rubrocaudata individual (MRSN R3726) in life from Andranomaitso village, southwestern Madagascar, found on the 11 December 2009:
A. dorso-lateral overview; B. dorsal view; C. head close up; D. individual burrowing in the substrate.
 Photos by Gonçalo M. Rosa.

Gonçalo M. Rosa, Paolo Eusebio Bergò, Angelica Crottini & Franco Andreone. 2012. Report on the Life Colouration of the enigmatic Burrowing Skink Voeltzkowia rubrocaudata (Grandidier, 1869) from southwestern Madagascar. Bonn zoological Bulletin. 61 (1): 31–34